Virtual cities are digital equivalents of real cities.
They provide a location for services, activities, information and people in geographic space on any device- tablets, iphones, smartphones and cellphones.
Cities are changing all the time. New roads and highways are being built, new shopping malls opened, and populations are changing. Everyone considering a new home in a city should be aware of these changes.
At the same time, innovations in technology now make it possible for visitors to view digital equivalents of real cities and neighborhoods anywhere, on any device.
If you are a potential new home owner or renter you will be able to visit the city where your new home is located to identify its pros and cons before travelling there.
And the best thing about this site is it’s FREE.
Save the hassle and time waiting in an airport queue as well as the cost. The costs of airline tickets are increasing and the cost of getting to an airport is such a waste.
Below is a list of websites where visitors can find the best information they need on their own device. Its the new way to visit a city without the hassle, cost and spent energy.
There are two categories: PACKAGES and PERSONAL. More will be added through time.
Some websites provide PACKAGES of information The content of these packages has been decided on by the website.
Alternatively you can click on any website in the PERSONAL category to find specific information according to your personal requirements, such as the addresses of sex offenders, traffic accidents, flood zones, shelters and flood areas, banks, the addresses of vets for your pets.
Visiting a city or neighborhood from your device will not only save you time and energy. It will also save you traveling costs.
Websites in the Packages or Personal category will require you to type the name of a city to find its ZIP Code for a list of activities found in or near that area.
Planning permissions for new shopping malls, supermarkets and department stores will obviously impact the price of your home.
New highways and roads will also affect your home.
Visitors should be aware of these changes before they commit to a new home.
If you enjoy movies, opera and ballet you can find locations and information about local performances.
The same applies to doctors, dentists and hospitals. As well as schools, colleges, universities. and trade schools in a city.
Looking for a tour of a college. You can take a tour on your device.
And the best thing is that this website is free. You don’t even have to visit a city!
www.esri.com for packaged information on demographics and lifestyle.
www. City-data.com is a great site where you will find packages of information that may include information you require.
If you need to know if the city you are moving to is a Sanctuary City, simply type the the words ‘sanctuary city’ into your research engine (Yahoo, Google, Internet Explorer, AOL). Do the same for other information you need, such as ‘college tours,’ ‘bank’s for any zip code, ‘real-estate agents’ and so on.
If you would like photographs of your the city type the name of your city or neighborhood in your search engine and see photographs as well as other information. Try the same to locate flood zones, shelters or flood areas in your area.
You’re driving along, bobbing your head to the music, when suddenly you hit a pothole and it feels like your suspension is coming apart.
Once a pothole forms, it can grow to several feet, with rain water accelerating the process and creating a trap for vehicles, making one of the top causes of car accidents.
Potholes present a great risk to drivers and pedestrians.
Potholes are caused when the pavement base cannot support traffic loads. Two factors are almost always present in pothole failures: water and traffic. Heavy traffic and other factors create cracks which allow water to seep into the pavement base and soften it. The pounding of traffic causes the weak base to migrate, leaving nothing to support the pavement above it. Further traffic impact eventually forces the unsupported pavement to break up.
Haveyou ever been driving down a road, listening to your favorite music when your car suddenly hits a pothole? If the pothole was shallow, you feel as if you have just taken a tumble in your car. If you’re unlucky and the pothole was deep and wide, your car might sustain heavy damage to its suspension and you might even be involved in a car accident.
Driving into a pothole puts enormous strain on your tires, wheels, and suspension.
The shape and depth of the pothole and the speed you travel all play into the severity of potential damage, but there are other considerations as well.
A lot of cars now come with performance tires and short side walls that provide responsive cornering but have less area to flex and conform to a pothole edge compared to a taller conventional tire. As a result, performance tires are also more prone to sidewall cutting and blistering.
Any direct hit in a pothole could bring about near instant air loss and will require immediate replacement. Any tire that survives a pothole and has sidewall damage should also be replaced in short order.
Wheels also take a beating; drive into a really deep pothole and you may be replacing the tire and the wheel.
Potholes can cause expensive damage to your car and cause you to make an unexpected appointment with the auto mechanic.
While a bumpy road may be a minor nuisance to drivers, a road littered with potholes can cause serious damage to your car and even result in a car accident.
* Slow down and pay attention to the road conditions.
* Don’t be fooled into thinking that some potholes are small. If they are filled with water they can be more than you bargained for.
* Keep some distance between you and car you are following—that will give you time to react should there be a pothole hazard up ahead. Avoiding potholes is the best bet, but if the impact is inevitable, try to at least partly slow down before entering, and drive straight into it.Turning into a pothole exposes more tire sidewall to potential damage.
* Be diligent after a pothole encounter. Any shake or shimmy in your car’s ride can mean something was damaged. Stop the car, check for visible signs of tire and wheel damage.
* Keep in mind that if the front tire ran over the hole, the rear tire probably did as well—check both. Also, if no damage is visible, it could mean the car set a balance weight off a wheel or possibly suffered suspension damage. Have everything checked by your mechanic.
* Keeping your tires inflated to the recommended inflation pressure is one of the best guards for minimizing pothole damage to your tires and wheels. under or over inflated tires can affect a tires’ or wheel’s resistance to pothole damage. Most cars now have a tire pressure monitoring system to alert the driver if a tire is losing air pressure. If your car does not have a tire pressure monitoring system, check the tire pressure when the tire has cooled to ambient temperature to be sure it’s not losing air from the pothole encounter.
Potholes Don’t Just Cause Car Accidents, They can also cause fatal motorcycle accidents too
Sometimes, when a pothole is so severe, or your car is not equipped to handle the blow, it will cause you to lose control of your car. This leads to car accidents that, many times, have caused wrongful deaths.
Potholes are defects in the asphalt surface of a road or pavement.
Potholes come in all shapes and sizes and are primarily caused by wear-and-tear and weathering. They seem to pop up like magic almost overnight.
The most common way a pothole is created is by water seeping intocracks in the asphalt surface of a road; when combined with the vibration of tires over the cracks, the asphalt surface fails.
Over time, ice can also make a pothole bigger and deeper as the pavement expands with temperature change. The pothole absorbs water, and when it becomes cold enough the water freezes, making the cracks in the pavement larger. When warmer temperatures arrive, the ice thaws, leaving the pothole bigger and deeper.
When water seeps into the asphalt and the water freezes it expands. Something has to give, and it’s usually the pavement surface. That is why there are more potholes after it rains.
Nevertheless, even Los Angeles, where there is little snow or freezing, has seen a rise in potholes and resultant damage caused by a combination of near record-setting rain, the state’s budget problems, and heavy use of roads.
Potholes are dangerous because they can cause a road to become uneven and unwieldy to drive on. It is also easy to miss a pothole in the dark when potholes are less visible.
It is also hard to avoid a pothole during inclement weather. If there is snow, potholes are filled causing them to be hidden from view. Drivers often drive over these potholes at high speeds and are completely taken aback by the initial shock.
Even a shallow pothole can cause damage to your tires and suspension and cause an accident if your car is stalled in a pothole.
Potholes are especially responsible for accidents involving cyclists and motorcyclist. Cases involving motorcycle accidents caused by potholes or road debris can be among the most complex in personal injury law. Unlike most cases involving collisions with other motor vehicles it can be extremely difficult to determine liability when accidents are caused by poorly maintained roads. Source: http://www.ocinjury.com/blog/2014/06/17/motorcycle-accidents-caused-by-potholes-145300
Los Angeles has a dangerous pothole and surface crack problem that’s costing drivers thousands of dollars every year. “The bicycling community refers to these (cracks) as valleys of death,”
The two main paving materials are concrete and asphalt.
Concrete is stronger and more durable, but building roads out of it is complex, expensive, and slow. Concrete roads also tend to be noisy, and slick when wet and when they eventually fail, they’re a pain to repair.
Asphalt, by comparison, is cheaper, faster, and patching is easier and quicker to install. Asphalt paving can be spread and rolled in the morning and driven on in the afternoon, minimizing complaints by impatient motorists.
Asphalt (also known as bitumen outside the USA) is a sticky, black and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.
The primary use (70%) of asphalt/bitumen is in road construction, where it is used as the glue or binder mixed with aggregate particles.
Asphalt and bitumen are often used interchangeably to mean both natural and manufactured forms of the substance.
Common usage often refers to various forms of asphalt/bitumen as “tar”, Another term for asphalt/bitumen is “pitch.”
Asphalt is more prone to potholes than concrete and most potholes appear to be due to asphalt drying out, or breaking down due to water or ice.
The problem with asphalt is that as soon as an asphalt surface is installed, numerous factors are working against it. Over time, water, the sun’s UV rays, oxidation, oil, fuel, petroleum products and traffic will destroy asphalt surfaces.
Asphalt’s inherent characteristics lead to the conclusion that there will always be potholes as long as asphalt is used to pave roads and highways.
If left untreated, cracks in asphalt road surfaces, will ultimately expand and cause irreversible damage resulting in potholes. If these damaged areas are isolated, cutting out and patching the area is a viable option.
When cracks, gaps and joints are left unfilled, an ideal condition exists to harbor the growth of various vegetation, weeds and grass. The dirt, debris, and soil in the cracks provide an ideal environment for vegetation growth in the cracks of the pavement surface. Source: http://greenanswers.com/question/how-long-do-asphalt-roads-last/
Unlike most cases involving collisions with other motor vehicles, it can be extremely difficult to determine liability when accidents are caused by poorly maintained road.
Although local municipal agencies are responsible for maintaining roadwaysand ensuring that they are safe to use, drivers could be involved in dangerous accidents, resulting in serious injury to themselves or others. Nevertheless it is very hard to prove municipal liability.
Fault will hinge on negligence who was intentionally negligent; car accidents caused by potholes or road debris can present unique issues of liability, and strict rules of compliance when claims against the government are involved.
Recently, a high school robotics team in Agawam, Mass. (some residents call it the birthplace of the pothole) was trying to come up with an idea to submit for a grant to the Lemelson-MIT InvenTeams, which encourages students to solve a problem through invention.
The robotics team then designed a machine that uses ground-penetrating radar to locate potential potholes and then fill them with an epoxy. The school now has a provisional patent on the device
Boston has also found another innovative way to find and fix street potholes: a free smart phone app, called the ‘Street Bump’ Unfortunately, the original version of Street Bump couldn’t distinguish between potholes, manhole covers, bridge surfaces, and various other road lumps. As a result, it was giving a lot of false positives.
Boston has now developed a new app (a project of the Mayor’s Office of New Urban Mechanics) to help residents improve their neighborhood streets. As users drive, the mobile app collects data about the smoothness of the ride; that data provides the City with real-time information it uses to fix problems and plan long-term investments Source: http://www.cityofboston.gov/DoIT/apps/streetbump.asp
TO REPORT A POTHOLE
You can either report a pothole to your local council or municipality or we will report it for you for FREE.
We will, of course, need some information from you about the pothole, including a photograph, its exact location (street/ cross-road/ highway), its approximate length, width, and depth, its location on the street or highway, (such as left side, right side or center), your council or municipality (zip code if in the USA), and any other helpful information (such as on a bus route). Their email address is firstname.lastname@example.org
You can send your email to email@example.com and we will report the offending pothole to be filled or patched.
Please help fund our project ‘Fix Our Potholes’
Visitors may also contact their local AAA to involve the Association in our project. And if you live in the UK, the Automobile Association and the Royal Automobile Club will be pleased to learn about us.The same applies to the EAC (European Automobile Clubs)..
Here are a number of associations dedicated to road safety.
MOTORCYCLING ASSOCIATIONS http://www.americanmotorcyclist.com/ https://www.combatvet.org/ http://www.cmausa.org/ Christian Motorcyclist Association http://www.antiquemotorcycle.org/index.php
CYCLING ASSOCIATIONS https://www.usacycling.org/ https://www.usacycling.org/la/ https://www.imba.com/ International Mountain Bike Association https://womenscyclingassociation.com/